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Cherupuzha is a Village in
Payyannur Taluk , Kannur District , Kerala State .
Cherupuzha is 25.7 km far from its Taluk Main
Town Payyannur . Cherupuzha is located 44.8
km distance from its District Main City Kannur .
It is located 455 km distance from its State Main
City Thiruvananthapuram .
Other villages in Payyannur Taluk are
Cherupuzha , Kankole- Alapadamba , Mattool ,
Peringome -Vayakkara , Payyannur ,
Ezhome , … . .
Cherupuzha Pin Code is 670511 and Post office
name is . Other villages in ( 670511 , ) are
Cherupuzha , .
Near By Villages of this Village with distance are
Peringome -Vayakkara(4.9 k.m.) ,Eramam –
Kuttoor(10.3 k.m.) ,Udayagiri(13.4
k.m.) ,Alakode(14.6 k.m.) ,Kankole-
Alapadamba(15.9 k.m.) ,. Towns Near By
Payyannur(25.7 k.m.) ,Taliparamba(25.8
k.m.) ,Irikkur(35.9 k.m.) ,Kannur(43.9 k.m.) ,
Colleges near by Cherupuzha
1 . Sree Narayana Guru College of
Engineering & Technology
Address : payyannur ? 670307kannur dist.
2 . Santhigiri Research Centre & Hospital
Address : santhigiri hospital near by chirakkara
g.h.s. thalassery kannur — 670 101.
3 . St. Thomas College
Address : arunapuram post; pala; kottayam;
kerala; india. post 686 574..
Schools near by Cherupuzha
1 . GHSS KUNHIMANGALAM
Information above might not be latest or
accurate. Find latest information from below
Schools in Cherupuzha Colleges in
Cherupuzha View Near By Village
Banks near by Cherupuzha
1 . SOUTH INDIAN BANK , CHERUPUZHA
IFSC CODE : sibl0000613.
MICR CODE : 670059803.
2 . SYNDICATE BANK , CHERUPUZHA
IFSC CODE : synb0004220.
MICR CODE : non-micr.
3 . STATE BANK OF TRAVANCORE ,
IFSC CODE : sbtr0000554.
MICR CODE : non micr.
4 . CANARA BANK , PAYANGADI
IFSC CODE : cnrb0000730.
MICR CODE : non-micr.
Cherupuzha is a panchayath , or traditional
village, in the Payyannur area of Kannur district ,
India . Cherupuzha town, which is the
headquarters of the panchayat, is a small town
located about 30 kilometers east of Payyannur,
in Kannur District of Kerala.
Until the mass migration of people from
southern Kerala, in the 1950s to 1980s,
Cherupuzha was a sleepy little village with a few
shops and a rundown movie theater. The influx
of farmers from the southern districts, mainly
Kottayam, dramatically changed the fortunes of
Cherupuzha and provided the impetus it needed
to become the lively little town it is today. The
proliferation of cash crops such as rubber,
pepper, ginger, and cashew helped in uplifting
the local economy.
Cherupuzha in the 1970s had an upper primary
school (JMUP School), a church (St. Mary’s
Church), couple of little nursing homes (St.
Sebastian’s and Konduparmbil) , and a Musjid.
Today it boasts several educational institutions
such as St. Mary High School, St. Joseph’s
Higher Secondary School, Archangels public
school and hospitals in addition to graceful
places of worship like the reconstructed St.
Mary’s Forane Church, Ayyappa Temple(known
as the Sabarimala of North Malabar), Salafi
Masjid, Juma Musjid, and Assembly of God
Church. By late 1980s, Cherupuzha became the
nerve center of trade and education east of
Payyannur. It is well connected by road to
Payyannur, Alakkode, Pulingome, Chittarikkal,
Neeleswaram, Thirumeni and beyond.
Cherupuzha and its surrounding areas was ruled
by many royal dynasties in the past, including
the Mooshika Dynasty of Ezhimala, Chirakkal
Dynasty of Kolathunadu, Tipu Sultan of the
Kingdom of Mysore, before it became a part of
the British Raj. The original inhabitants of the
area were primarily Hindus. Later on this region
gained a sizable Muslim population. The
economy was agrarian with strong feudal
system – Janmi-Kudiyan system – permeating
Feudal overloads or Janmies owned much of the
land, which was leased by the farmers or
Kudians who paid a portion (normally 2/10th)
of their produce as “pattam” for the ‘privilege’
of working the land. Generally the lease was for
a period of 12-16 years. Farmers were not
allowed to cultivate permanent crops, dig wells
or cut down the trees on the land. If any
permanent crop such as pepper was planted on
the land, the income from the crop went to the
landlord after six years, depriving farmers of any
income from such cash crops. Janmies gave 10
cents of land to farmers to build a house.
This region also has a sizable number of people
belonging to tribal communities such as Mavilar,
Pulayar, and Vettuvar who lived by hunting
animals and collecting edible roots and fruits
from the plentiful forests in the area. Under the
Janmi-Kudiyan feudal system, tribals were
treated much like slaves.
Early Farming Methods
Until early 1950s, this region used outdated
agricultural practices and depended on the
monsoons for its irrigation needs. Agricultural
land lay fallow after harvest. At the beginning of
the next growing season, the bushes that cover
the land would be cleared and the plant material
burned to prepare the land for the next cycle of
rice cultivation. This method, known as punam
krishi allowed people to grow staples like rice
and black gram.
A lack of basic transportation; roads and buses,
plagued the area. Initially, the only available bus
service was from Peringome which is about 10
kilometers from Cherupuzha. Anyone who
needed to buy supplies from the nearby larger
town of Payyannur had to ride a bullock cart or
walk to get to Peringome.
Roads in this area were initially built to transport
timber from neighboring areas. Until 1949,
people depended on these roads. In 1949,
primarily because of the farmers’ agitations and
the Munayankunnu firing incident, a new road
was built from Vellore to Pulingome. This road
was built to facilitate the movement of Malabar
Special Police (M.S.P) in an effort to contain the
Communist movements led by leaders such A.K
Gopalan and E.K Nayanar.
Rivers in this area lacked passable bridges. The
only bridges were suspension bridges secured
using iron cables stretched across the river
banks. Even these were scarce. In rainy season,
people had to use rafts made of bamboo
(Pandi) for crossing rivers. This unwieldy raft
was used by the students of the area to cross
rivers to get to schools and back.
Despite the grim economic and social
conditions, this area was noted for its
Migration from the South
The famine after World War II and the misrule
of Sir C P Ramaswamy Iyer incited a large scale
migration of people from Travancore (South
Kerala) to this area. The migration continued
well into the 1970s and 80s. A vast majority of
these migrants were Christians who had a
completely different social and agricultural
background. These hard working people
brought new agricultural practices to this area.
They introduced cash crops like rubber and daily
staples like tapioca to the region.
The migrants also brought a new attitude to the
region, one that challenged the established
Janmi-Kudian feudal system. The immigrants
bought large tracts of land outright from the
Janmies and putdown permanent crops
heralding an era of prosperity for the area. The
immigrants, despite their cultural and social
difference, soon became an integral part of
In earlier times, traditional physicians (Vaidyars)
took care of the sick. There were well known
physicians in the area whose expertise in
Ayurvedic medicines saved countless people
from complex problems including snake bites.
Later a government rural dispensary was set up
at Pulingome. Another major hospital in the
area was St Sebastian’s Hospital which was set
up in 1966 by the Medical Sisters of St Joseph.
Combined with the Konduparambil Nursing
Home (now defunct) these institutions helped
save hundreds from the ravages of malaria,
which was prevalent in the area.
River Tejaswini of Cherupuzha
River Tejaswini, also called Kariamkode, which is
comparatively small among 44 rivers of Kerala.
It originates from Brhmagiri Hills of Coorg forest
in Karnataka, enters Kerala near Pulingome,
flows through the districts of Kannur and
Kasargod and meets the Arabian Ocean, near
Nileswaram as a part of Valiyaparamba
Backwaters. Tejaswini, which is 64 km long, do
have a rafting stretch of 20 km with plenty of
rapids extending up to class-3.
Pilgrim Centres in Cherupuzha
St. Mary’s Forane Church
St. Mary’s Forane Church is one of the oldest
houses of worship in Cherupuzha. This church,
belonging to the Archdiocese of Tellicherry ,
was established in 1951 to take care of the
spiritual needs of the Christians who migrated
from South Kerala to Cherupuzha and the
For a profile from the Archdiocese of Tellicheri,
go here .
St. Mary’s is a prime example of the communal
and social harmony that Cherupuzha has
enjoyed over the past decades.