The Higgs in “Higgs boson” comes from Peter Higgs, the British scientist who in 1964, first suggested that such a particleexisted.
But Boson, is named after Satyendra Nath Bose, an Indian statistical physicist who was a contemporary of Albert Einstein. His equations helped prove Max Planks Law – a theory that says light has a dual nature. It moves in discrete packets, even as it moves in a wave.
But the Indian connection doesn’t end there. Of more than 2000 scientists working at The Large Hadron Collider, at least 200 were from India. India also contributed almost $25 million to the project. There’s more. Inside the 27 kilometre long tunnel are almost 1,232 cryo-magnets, that are crucial for accurately guiding protons around the ring.
Each magnet weighs almost 32 tonne and each sits on extremely accurate motion positioning systems developed, among other places, at the Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology (RRCAT) in Indore, India.
Delhi University developed special sensors for the Compact Muon Solenoid or CMS detector inside the tunnel. CMS played a crucial role in ultimately detecting the Higgs boson.
Indian institutes like Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Mumbai; cccBhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Trombay; Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics (SINP), Kolkata; RRCAT, Indore; Benares Hindu University
and the universities of Delhi, Jaipur and Punjab were connected to CERN in
Geneva by fibre optic cables.
They were part of a new, super-fast, worldwide Internet called the grid –
which was used to analyse data from the experiment. Almost 15 petabytes of
data (1 petabyte is quadrillion bytes or 1,000 terabytes) was generated
every year at CERN. If that data was recorded on CDs and stacked up, it
would form a pile of compact discs 12 miles high. Distributing it among
universities in India and elsewhere, helped process the data faster.
Professor Jim Virdee, one of the founder members of the Compact Muon
Solenoid (CMS) detector in the LHC, is an Englander of Indian Origin.
Professor Archana Sharma is the only Indian to work constantly at CERN for
the past 25 years. Professor Vikas Sinha of the Saha Institute of Nuclear
Physics, Kolkata, designed a special chip that LHC used to process
signals. Professor Vinod Chohan was employed by CERN to lead a group of
scientists who tested all the magnets in the system. Indian universities
sent not just senior scientists but also PhD students to CERN. These
students lived and worked there for up to nine months every year, helping
set up a lot of the crucial hardware and software in the machine.
Finally, India’s Department of Atomic Energy gifted a two-metre bronze
statue of the Nataraja to CERN on June 18, 2004. What does Nataraja have
to do with atoms? In an icon developed in south India by 9th and 10th
century artists during the Chola period (880-1279 CE), Nataraja shows the
Hindu God Lord Shiva dancing.Nataraja is shown with four hands that
represent the cardinal directions. The left foot is elegantly raised, the
right foot tramples illusion and ignorance. The upper left hand holds a
flame, The upper right hand holds an hourglass drum or ‘dumroo’.
It is believed Shiva’s drum produces the first sounds of creation. As
ripples of sound course through matter, it comes alive and radiates all
around Shiva. But even as he creates and makes matter alive, Shiva is
dancing within a ring of fire, signifying the destruction he will soon
bring about. In the Hindu religion, Nataraja represents the endless cycle
of birth and death.
“Modern physics has shown that the rhythm of creation and destruction is
not only manifest in the turn of the seasons and in the birth and death of
living creatures but is also the very essence of inorganic matter. For
modern physicists, Shiva’s dance is the dance of subatomic matter.” –
Fritjof Capra in the book “The Tao of Physics’ Wrote.’It is the clearest
image of the activity of God which any art or religion can boast of.”
More recently, Fritjof Capra explained that “Modern physics has shown that
the rhythm of creation and destruction is not only manifest in the turn
of the seasons and in the birth and death of all living creatures, but is
also the very essence of inorganic matter,” and that “For the modern
physicists, then, Shiva’s dance is the dance of subatomic matter.” It
is indeed as Capra concluded: “Hundreds of years ago, Indian artists
created visual images of dancing Shivas in a beautiful series of bronzes.
In our time, physicists have used the most advanced technology to portray
the patterns of the cosmic dance. The metaphor of the cosmic dance thus
unifies ancient mythology, religious art and modern physics.” Courtesy: