Nokia The Reliable Connecting

The History of Nokia – The roots of Nokia go back to the year 1865 with the establishment of a forest industry enterprise. The roots of Nokia go back to the year 1865 with the establishment of a forest industry enterprise in South-Western Finland by mining engineer Fredrik Idestam. Elsewhere, the year 1898 witnessed the foundation of Finnish Rubber Works Ltd, and in 1912 Finnish Cable Works began operations. Gradually, the ownership of these two companies and Nokia began to shift into hands of just a few owners.

nokiaFinally in 1967 the three companies were merged to form Nokia Corporation. At the beginning of the 1980s, Nokia strengthened its position in the telecommunications and consumer electronics markets through the acquisitions of Mobira, Salora, Televa and Luxor of Sweden. In 1987, Nokia acquired the consumer electronics operations and part of the component business of the German Standard Elektrik Lorenz, as well as the French consumer electronics company Oceanic. In 1987, Nokia also purchased the Swiss cable machinery company Maillefer.

In the late 1980s, Nokia became the largest Scandinavian information technology company through the acquisition of Ericsson’s data systems division. In 1989, Nokia conducted a significant expansion of its cable industry into Continental Europe by acquiring the Dutch cable company NKF.

Since the beginning of the 1990’s, Nokia has concentrated on its core business, telecommunications, by divesting its information technology and basic industry operations.

Year 2005

The Nokia 6630 imaging smartphone has as the first device in the world achieved global GCF 3G WDCMA Certification. The certification was achieved based on the requirements defined by Global Certification Forum (GCF), an independent industry body which provides network compliancy requirements and testing for GSM/WCDMA mobile devices.

SBS Finland’s Kiss FM became the first radio station in the world to begin Visual Radio broadcasts. This unique new concept developed by Nokia offers the listeners the possibility to give feedback and to participate in programs easier than ever before. Nokia introduced a new product for secure mobile contactless payments and ticketing.

The world’s first Near Field Communications (NFC) product for payment and ticketing will be an enhanced version of the already announced Nokia NFC shell for Nokia 3220 phone.
Year 2004

Using Nokia’s CDMA Dual-Stack handset, Nokia demonstrated the industry’s first Mobile IPv6 call at the 3G World Congress Convention and Exhibition in November. The demonstration highlighted real-time streaming video with seamless handoff between two CDMA access networks using Mobile IPv6.

Nokia announced the Nokia NFC (Near Field Communication) shell, the latest step in the development of innovative products for mobile communications, in November. With the Nokia NFC shell on their phone, consumers will be able to easily access a variety of services and conveniently exchange information with a simple touch gesture utilizing NFC technology. In October, Nokia and TeliaSonera Finland successfully conducted the world’s first EDGE-WCDMA 3G packet data handover in a commercial network.

Achieving a first for the Asia-Pacific region, Nokia, MediaCorp Technologies, M1 and the Media Development Authority of Singapore jointly showcased a live end-to-end mobile phone TV broadcast over a DVB-H (Digital Video Broadcast – Handheld) network at the Nokia Connection event in Singapore.

Nokia and Texas Instruments Incorporated introduced the first pre-integrated and validated Series 60 Reference Implementation based on TI’s OMAP(TM) processor-powered reference design in February. The Reference Implementation is available immediately to Series 60 licensees.
Year 2003

Nokia announced that the world’s first cdma2000? 1xEV-DV high-speed packet data phone call was completed at Nokia’s CDMA product creation center in San Diego. The call, achieving a peak data rate of 3.09 Mbps, was made between a test set based on a commercially available Nokia 2285 handset upgraded with a Nokia 1xEV-DV chipset and a Racal Instruments, Wireless Solutions Group, 1xEV-DV basestation emulator. This chipset is the world’s first to support complete 1xEV-DV Release C functionality.
Year 2002

Nokia succesfully made the first 3G WCDMA packet data calls between its commercial network infrastructure and terminals in its laboratories in Finland. The Nokia 3G WCDMA network and terminal used were based on the commercial standard level known as 3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project) Release 99 June 2001 version. This was the first time that packet data has been transmitted end-to-end on a commercial system based on the above mentioned commercial standard.
Year 2001

Nokia introduces the industry first multimedia messaging solution, the Nokia Artuse (TM) MMS (Multimedia Messaging Service) Center, a high-capacity platform for the next wave of mobile messaging. The solution enables operators to introduce multimedia messaging services combining new rich content, such as audio and video clips, photographs and images with the traditional text messaging. Nokia and the Finnish operator Sonera conducted the world’s first Wireless LAN roaming based on GSM technology. Sonera is making use of Nokia technology that allows mobile operators to offer broadband wireless Internet services in Wireless LAN access zones.
Year 2000

Nokia introduced the world’s first IPv6-enabled end-to-end GPRS network. Operators can use Nokia GPRS networks to provide their customers with new types of services that bring benefits offered by IPv6, such as global reachability and end-to-end security.

Nokia introduced the world’s first TETRA WAP browser which brings powerful WAP applications to TETRA professional mobile radio networks. WAP over TETRA provides a new method of data communication for professionals. It enables real-time direct access to various customer and technical databases in only a few seconds. Nokia has combined the versatility of WAP with the power of TETRA to introduce the world’s first WAP services for digital professional mobile radio users. The new WAP services have been developed in co-operation with Finnish companies Helsinki Energy and Tekla Corporation.

Nokia and Sonera have completed tests that bring roaming capabilities for IP traffic between GPRS networks for the first time in the world. Nokia and Scandinavian Airlines Systems announced a partnership to bring Nokia mobile phones to the selection of goods sold on all international SAS flights. This is the first time mobile phones will be sold on airplanes.

Nokia launched the Nokia LiveSite platform, the world’s first WCDMA implementation which is compatible with the latest 3GPP standards for third generation networks.

Nokia successfully carried out the world’s first WAP service over a trial WCDMA system. The tests were completed in Beijing, China, where Chinese language WAP services were transmitted via the WCDMA system and radio network.

Nokia, a founding member of the SyncML initiative, announced that it had successfully demonstrated the world’s first wireless Internet synchronization using the SyncL protocol. Nokia is the first vendor in the world to bring full mobile IP packet data functionalities into TETRA networks. Nokia TETRA IP significantly enhances access to WAP services and more efficient WAP service development is possible with new TETRA IP functionalities.

Nokia announces world’s first GPRS roaming between M1 Singapore and Cable and Wireless HKT Mobile Services, Hong Kong. This is the first announcement of its kind in the world for GPRS inter-operator roaming.
Year 1999

Nokia introduced the world’s first high-speed data terminal for wireless networks: the Nokia Card Phone 2.0 brings about a four-fold increase in data transmission speed. Nokia completed the world’s first WCDMA (Wideband Code Division Multiple Access) phone call through a public switched telephone network.

Nokia announced the world’s first media phone that is based on the Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) in Mobile Media Mode. The Nokia 7110 dual band GSM 900/1800 media phone has been designed to enable easy access to Internet content from a mobile phone.
Year 1998

Nokia delivered world’s first ETSI standard ADSL and IP network to Telecom New Zealand, thereby marking the start of commercial delivery of broadband data services using the ADSL network.

The Nokia 9110 Communicator, the first hand-held mobile device supporting wireless imagining. The Nokia 5100 series, the first mobile phones with user-changeable covers.

The world’s smallest NMT 450 phone, the Nokia 650, sets a new benchmark for NMT 450 technology. As a special additional feature and first in the market, the Nokia 650 has a built-in FM radio. The Nokia LPS-1 loopset, an easy to use device for smooth interaction between a hearing aid and a digital mobile phone. It the first product of its kind in the world.

A revolutionary new solution, the Nokia GSM Intranet Office, giving employees total mobility in the workplace via the company intranet. The world’s first GSM Intranet Office combining GSM with office IP telephony.

The Nokia Intelligent Frequency Hopping (IFH) solution, part of the Nokia Soft Capacity concept, the first solution of its kind in today’s GSM markets

The world’s first live High-Speed Circuit Switched Data (HSCSD) network.
Year 1997

The world’s first four TETRA networks were delivered by Nokia. A new handset for the NMT 450 standard, the Nokia 540, which is the world’s first NMT phone with Navi Key.

The next generation GSM product family, the Nokia 6100 series. New standards for operating times and a set of innovative industry-first features, including audio quality and an entirely new Profile function which enables users to adjust the phone settings according to various situations.

Next generation half-rate handportable for the digital PDC standard in Japan. With this introduction, Nokia is the first company to demonstrate an entirely new, innovative feature for PDC handsets, which enables calling by voice activation.

The world’s first GSM dual band base station, the Nokia GSM 900/1800 Dual Band BTS. This provides the possibility to integrate GSM 1800 transceivers (TRXs) into an existing GSM 900 Base station (BTS).

The first call on the Helsinki City Energy Company’s digital TETRA network was made. The network, called officially HelenNet by Helsinki City Energy Company, is the world’s first network taken into operative use, according to the TETRA standard.

The Nokia 3810, the first mobile phone specially designed for Asian consumers.First-ever interactive telematic wireless health care tool for supporting the treatment of chronic diseases, e.g., diabetes.

By introducing a new WLL solution, Easyway Access, Nokia became the first supplier on the market to link GSM radio access to a wireline local exchange. The world’s first digital satellite receiver with CommoTn Interface, the DVB 9600 S. The first manufacturer to provide a complete Smart Messaging solution, a new direct Internet access service technology specially designed for mobile phone users, to network operators and service providers.

Nokia launched its Mediamaster DVB 9200S Free-To-Air, and was the first manufacturer to launch a digital satellite receiver in the UK. A new GSM handportable, the Nokia 3110, with the Navi-Key menu system that allows fast, one-button access to the functions of the phone. A new mobile phone offering a new innovative power management solution, the Nokia 1611 with a unique option, the solar cell battery.
Year 1996

he first digital multimedia terminal in the world, the Nokia Mediamaster. The Nokia 8100 product family, the first with an innovative, ergonomically comfortable design. Chinese character short messaging service and Chinese user interface were launched in the Nokia 8110 mobile phone. Nokia was the first manufacturer to offer both simplified and traditional character sets in the same phone. The Nokia 2160, the first available dual mode AMPS/TDMA phone. The Nokia 9000 Communicator, the world’s first all-in-one mobile communications tool introduced at the CeBIT exhibition.
Year 1995

The world’s first integrated wireless payphone. The new joint venture, Beijing Nokia Mobile Telecommunications Ltd., was established: the first factory to manufacture large scale GSM systems and equipment in China. Nokia PrimeSite, the world’s smallest base station for GSM/DCS cellular mobile networks.
Year 1994

The first offical GSM call in the People4s Republic of China made on a Nokia phone on Beijing TA4s network, supplied by Nokia. The first European manufacturer to start selling mobile phones in Japan. The world’s first Data Communications Server (DaCS), providing fully digital, fast access to corporate LANs. The world’s first digital cellular data products, including the Nokia PC Card and the Nokia Cellular Data Card. Inmarsat made the world’s first satellite telephone call with Nokia’s pocket-size GSM handset. The first manufacturer to launch series of handportable phones for all digital standards (GSM, TDMA, PCN, Japan Digital). The Nokia 2100 was the world’s smallest and lightest family of digital products.
Year 1993

The first Personal Communications Network based on GSM 1800 standard delivered by Nokia. The world’s first SMSC (Short Message Service Centre) taken into commercial use in Europolitan’s Nokia network. The world’s first credit card size cellular modem card developed with AT&T Paradyne.
Year 1992

The Nokia 1011, the first digital handportable phone for GSM networks. The Nokia 100 series, the first family of handportale phones for all analog networks.
Year 1991

The first manufacturer to have a large-scale production-ready GSM phone. The world’s first genuine GSM call made using Radiolinja’s network, supplied by Nokia.
Year 1990

The world’s first Radio Data System (RDS) and Mobile Search (MBS) text pagers.
Year 1989

The world’s first Actionet trunking mobile radio network was brought into operation. The world’s first fast-poll 14,400 bps (bits-per-second) modem.
Year 1988

The world’s first ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network) exchange conforming to CCITT standards, manufactured by Nokia, was brought into use in Finland.
Year 1987

The world’s first NMT handportable, the Nokia Cityman.
Year 1984

The world’s first portable NMT car telephone, the Nokia Talkman.
Year 1982

Europe’s first digital telephone exchange, the DX 200.
Year 1981

The world’s first international cellular mobile telephone network NMT opened in Scandinavia with Nokia introducing the first car phones for the network.
Year 1969

Nokia introduced the world’s first 30-channel PCM (Pulse Code Modulation) transmission equipment conforming to the standards of CCITT (Consultative Committee on International Telegraphy and Telephony).

Idea Cell Prepaid 3G Plans!ut/p/c5/dY3BCoJAGISfxSf4Z1d3taNI6FJsxK6We5ElTETTDhH09m106dLMbT6GjxyFLv45Dv4xrouf6UxOdhzCiiZLpdJWQsk6U8CGA5xOn4fsijKvknQPHHgTZi3MEbWJoeIvx5_kIF2tt55acumPx2xZ8LCdhZUMSKid-8FfXnSfpmsxRNEb7rmEhg!!/dl3/d3/L0lJSklna21BL0lKakFBTXlBQkVSQ0pBISEvNEZHZ3NvMFZ2emE5SUFnIS83XzIwNVQ1Vjg3NklTRTEwSTYxS1QwVDYxMDA0L3gyVlZTNTMwOTAwMTE!/?WCM_PORTLET=PC_7_205T5V876ISE10I61KT0T61004000000_WCM&WCM_GLOBAL_CONTEXT=/wps/wcm/connect/Idea3G_Lib/Idea3G/Tariff%20Plans/TariffPlans_Circle/Prepaid&TariffPlanType=Prepaid&tariffContentParam=KR_Prepaid

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MRP (In Rs.) Bundled Usage Validity (In days) Charges after Free Usage
27 100 MB 3 3ps/10KB

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107 300 MB 30 3ps/10KB
199 600 MB 30 3ps/10KB
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ദയവു ചെയ്തു ഞങ്ങളെ പോലെ ചില പൊട്ടന്മാര്‍ ചെയ്യുന്നത് അനുവര്‍ത്തിക്കുക ..നമുക്കും ഭാവി തലമുറക്കും അതാണ്‌ നല്ലത് .
ടെലിവിഷന്‍ കാണാറില്ല

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ഒരു സെല്‍ ഫോണ്‍ കോളും നൂറ്റെഴുപതോന്പത് സെക്കന്റ്‌ കടക്കില്ല….

ഒരു ഓപ്പണ്‍ സോഴ്സ്‌ സ്മാര്‍ട്ട്‌ ഫോണ്‍ & പി സി യും

… ടൈപ്പാനും നെറ്റാനും….

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അതാണ്‌ കുട്ടികളെ ……..

രക്ഷാ മാര്‍ഗം…

Nokia First Windows phone due 2011


Nokia will start to sell its first Windows Phone model this year, the company said on 20-10-2011,Thursday.

Finnish broadcaster MTV3 earlier reported on its website the phonemaker will have only one Windows-based model this year, citing Chief Financial Officer Timo Ihamuotila, but later replaced the story.

In its replacement report, MTV3 quotes Ihamuotila as saying the fact there will be an initial handset does not mean there will be only one model this year.

A Nokia spokesman said the original report was wrong.

This month, chief executive Stephen Elop indicated Nokia would launch several Windows devices this quarter.

Radiation from popular cellular phones

The cellular phone has to emit radiofrequency energy at levels high enough to reach base stations (antenna towers) tens of kilometers away. Since the energy is emitted as a microwave in the direct vicinity of the users head there are concerns about the safety of this technology. There are reports from cell studies as well as animal studies that are most worrying. Among other effects the double DNA breakage is among the fundamental och disturbing findings. This may indicate that there may be a significant risk of developing cancer tumours, foremost brain tumours in the user of cellular (mobile) phones.

The design of the cellular phones casing, electronic and foremost the antenna construction gives widely different near and far fields around the phone. It is at present time not completely clear what parameters of the field gives biological effects, however as an intermediate cautionary step one can use the simple measure of absorbed radiated energy into the tissue of the head. This is given as a SAR – Specific Absorption Ratio and is measured in watts per kilogram. This may not be a true measure of the biological hazard from the phone but may be used as an indication of the energy recieved into the head. See it as prudent avoidance.

Niels Kuster, a radiation expert at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, has developed a new measurement technique to measure cell-phone EMR towards the user’s head. He measured 16 popular cell phone models, and published the results in the Swiss Consumer Report magazine. The table below was initiated based upon data from his study:

Additional new phone models added from other sources 990611
Additional phone models added 991004, source Aftonbladet 991004
Additional source 000808

Manufacturer Model SAR (W/kg)
Motorola Star Tac 130 0.10
Nokia Nokia 8810 0.22
Hagenuk Global 0.28
Motorola StarTac 0.33
Motorola i1000plus 0.35
Mitsubishi Trium Galaxy G-130 0.37
Motorola Star Tac 130 (fixed antenna) 0.38
Sony CM-DX 1000 0.41
Ericsson SH888 0.42
Sony CMD-C1 0.55
Ericsson I8888 World 0.60
Nokia 6150 0.69
Motorola CD 930 0.70
Siemens C25 0.72
Nokia 8110i 0.73
Audiovox HGP2000E 0.75
Ericsson S828 0.77
Motorola d160 0.81
Nokia 6110 0.87
Ericsson A1018s 0.88
Sony CMD-Z1 0.88
Ericsson SH888 0.90
Ericsson GF788 0.91
Trium Galaxy 0.93
Motorola cd 930 0.94
Panasonic EB-G520 0.95
Ericsson GH688 0.95
Audiovox PCX-1000XL 0.98
Panasonic EB G500 0.98
Audiovox CDM 4000 1.00
Motorola GSM 1900 1.00
Sharp TQ G700 1.01
Philips Genie 1.05
Nokia 1611 1.06
Philips Diga 1.06
Philips Savy 1.11
Bosch GSM 909 1.13
Nokia 3210 1.14
Sanyo SCP-400 1.16
Trium Galaxy (fixed antenna) 1.16
Motorola cd 920 1.17
Nokia 3110 1.24
Ascom Axento 1.25
Motorola Startac (TDMA) 1.25
Motorola I500 1.25
Philips Genie 1800 1.26
Nokia 6161 1.27
Samsung SCH6100 1.27
LG Info & Com 1.29
Mitsubishi T250 1.29
Audiovox 9000 1.30
Bosch M-Com 906 1.32
Ericsson DH-668 1.32
Ascom Elisto 1.33
Denso TP 2200 1.33
Siemens C25 1.33
Nokia 7160 1.33
Qualcomm QCP-2760 1.33
Ericsson A1228D 1.35
Motorola Startac dualmode 1.36
Denso Touchpoint 1.37
Sanyo SCP-310 1.37
Neopoint NP-1000 1.38
Samsung SCH3500 1.38
Sanyo SCP-4500 1.38
Nokia 8860 1.39
Sony CMB-1200,2200,3200 1.39
Ericsson T18 1.40
Ericsson R280 1.41
Philips Genie 1800 (fixed antenna) 1.41
Qualcomm 1960 1.41
Nokia 6162 1.42
Nokia 6185 1.42
Sanyo SCP4000 1.44
Audivox 3300 1.45
Nokia 5160 1.45
Mitsubishi T200 1.47
Samsung SCH8500 1.49
Ericsson LX-588 1.51
Motorola SC-3160 1.52
Philips Genie 900 1.52
Ericsson KF788 1.56
Motorola v3688 1.58
Bosch GSM908 1.59
Philips Genie 900 (fixed antenna) 2.67

SAR is given as Cenelec value for average EMR exposure of user’s head, measured in Watt per kg of user’s body weight. (A low number means less radiated energy into the users head).

The fact that Ericsson SH888 is given two different SAR values reflects the uncertainty how SAR should be measured. The same radiation will give different SAR values depending on calculation or measurement method, whether the ear is a lossy one or just a distancer, and if the SAR is calculated over 1 g, 10 g or 1 kg of tissue (and also the shape that region is given, eg. a cube).

Note that Star Tac exists in various models, some have low SAR and some don´t. Also note that despite the low SAR for Star Tac many people complain of headaches or other sympthoms when using those (just another indication that SAR may NOT be the best way of describing health effects from cellular phones).

Cell Phone Radiation Triggers Measurable Brain Cell Changes in Mere Minutes

Learn more:

(NaturalNews) As little as 10 minutes on a cell phone can trigger changes in brain cells linked to cell division and cancer, suggests a new study conducted by researchers from the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel and published in the Biochemical Journal.

Previously, advocates of cell-phone safety have maintained that the phones cannot cause brain damage because the microwave radiation that they emit is at a level too low to heat the body’s cells. But in the new study, changes in biological processes began at an energy level even lower than that used by a typical phone, even without heating occurring.

“Safety guidelines assume [that] health effects from mobiles can only occur when significant heating of body tissue occurs. [But] this study shows biological changes in response to low-level mobile phone radiation — something that could potentially have implications for health,” said Graham Philips of the British nonprofit Powerwatch.

Researchers exposed both human and rat cells to low-level radiation at a frequency of 875 megahertz, a similar frequency to that used by most cellular phones. The intensity of the radiation was far lower than that used by most phones, however.

Even so, within 10 minutes the scientists observed changes within the cells. A chemical switch regulating cell division was switched on — a switch that has been linked to a variety of cancers.

There was no direct evidence of cancer inducement in the current study. However, the researchers point out that the changes occurring at the low radiation level were non-thermal in nature, something previously said to be impossible. Thus, the study challenges the entire basis on which cell phones’ presumption of safety has been based.

“The significance lies in showing cells do react to cell-phone radiation in a non-thermal way,” said co-author Rony Seger. “We used radiation power levels that were around one tenth of those produced by a normal mobile. The changes we observed were clearly not caused by heating.”

“This helps explain why mobile phone radiation has been linked to increases in cancer tumors,” said consumer health advocate Mike Adams. “Until now, skeptics have said the radiation wasn’t intense enough to cause cells to overheat, but now we’re learning there can be significant cellular changes taking place at far lower levels of exposure.”

Learn more: