Meditation Techniques

FIFTEEN PORTALS TO THE SUPREME *Meditation Techniques* *from Aparokṣānubhūti*

4. Maunam

Silence is golden and a silent mind is meditative, but can silence itself become meditation?

यस्माद्वाचो निवर्तन्ते अप्राप्य मनसा सह।
मौनं योगिभिर्गम्यं तद्भवेत्सर्वदा बुधः॥॥ १०७ ॥

वाचो यस्मान्निवर्तन्ते तद् वक्तुं केन शक्यते।
प्रो यदि वक्तव्यः सोऽपि शब्द विवर्जितः॥
॥ १०८ ॥

इति वा तद्भवेन्मौनं सतां सहज संज्ञितम्।
गिरा मौनं तु बालानां प्रयुक्तं ब्रह्मवादिभिः॥
॥ १०९ ॥

107-109. The wise should always be one with that Silence wherefrom words, together with the mind, turn back, unable to reach it, but which is attainable by the Yogins. Who can describe That (i.e, Truth) whence words turn away? (So beyond a point silence is inevitable while describing the Truth). Or if the phenomenal world were to be described even that is beyond words. This, to give an alternate definition, may also be termed Silence, known among the sages as our Natural State. The observance of silence by restraining speech, on the other hand, is ordained by the teachers of Truth for the ignorant.

There are four levels of speech (vāṇī):

1. Parā Vāņī – Supreme Speech: It is the unmanifest source from which all sounds and words

2. Pasyanti Vani – Seen Speech: When an idea takes shape, the words vaguely gather, giving a more concrete form to the idea. We begin to ‘see’ the idea, hence pasyanti.

3. Madhyamā Vani — Middle Speech: Just before we mutually speak, the words have crystallised and are clear and in syntax.

4. Vaikhari Väni — Articulate Speech: Finally, the words are enunciated with the help of the vocal chords.Not uttering the words, i.e. not expressing the vaikhari vāni is called 'verbal silence' (girā maunam). Speech is an important way of self-expression. But to keep silent is also important, as it is then that we listen, learn and grow. Bhartrhari says, "The creator made silence as a good cover to hide our foolishness (which would otherwise be exposed through words), to be used especially in a gathering of the wise."

svāyattam-ekānta-bitaṁ vidhātrā vinirmitam chāndanam ajñātāyāh, višesatah sarvavidām samāje vibūsanam mounam apanditānām.
(Niti satakam)Quarrels end when one becomes silent. One avoids the sin of lying, angry words or insults by keeping quiet. We conserve energy which gets dissipated in fruitless talk by observing silence (vrtha ālāpa -- sramaṁ maunataḥ). It is therefore said, "Silence is the best solution -- sabse badī cupa," and "One should attain everything by silence -- mounena sarvārthaṁ sādhayet.”

Om. Swamini Vimalananda.

A.K.G. Memorial Kannur

   AKG Memorial Co-operative Hospital was started in 1980 in the month of May as a 22 bedded one. It has developed into a 450 bedded multi-speciality facilities having 24 departments with 41 doctors and 289 paramedical staff. The second unit of the society, AKG Memorial School of Nursing was started in 1985 and it had completed its 30 batches with 725 students completing their General Nursing course. The third unit of the society, AKG Memorial College of Nursing was started in 2008. It has completed the entry of the fifth batch giving admission for 247 students.

A K Gopalan (1902-1977)
SriSri. AKG


.K Gopalan (Ayilliath Kuttieri Gopalan) was an outstanding leader of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) and the Left and democratic movement in the country. Joining the Communist Party in 1939, he became a member of the Central Committee of the united Communist Party in 1951, a member of the Party’s central secretariat in 1958 and was a member of the Politbureau of the CPI(M) since 1964 till his death.
AKG made significant contributions to building the people’s movement under the leadership of the CPI(M) and mass organisations of toiling people, especially of the peasants and agricultural workers.

For over two decades, till his death he was President of the All India Kisan Sabha.

 From 1952, except for 1957-62, AKG was the leader of the Opposition in Parliament, respected and listened to with attention by all. He passed away on March 21, 1977 at the age of 73.

Maha Raaja Swathi Thirunaal

Swathi Thirunaal -Pride of Kerala

Mahaa Raaja Swathi Thirunaal, renowned as the “Garbha Shreemaan” is always more than a name , but a fragrance filled in the atmosphere of this “God’s Own Land” – Kerala

Colonel Welsh who visited Trivandrum in 1825 refers to the studies of the yound prince Swathi Thirunal.[In his book “Military Reminiscences” ]
Swathi Thirunal was a friend of books.
Welsh says: “He read a chapter of Malcolm’s Central India; the Governor-General’s Persian letter on the capture of Rangoon; a passage in Sanskrit; another in Malayalam and seemed equally clever at each. He then took up a book of mathematics, selecting the forty-seventh proposition of Euclid, sketched the figure on a country-slate; but what astonished me most was his telling us in English that Geometry was derived from the Sanskrit which was ‘Jawmeter,’ to measure the earth, and that many of our mathematical terms were also derived from the same sources,such as hexagon, heptagon, octagon, decagon, dua-decagon, etc.

During the first year of his reign (1829) a library was established in Trivandrum.

British Resident Col. Edward Cadogan, the grandson of Sir. Hans Sloane, the founder of the British Museum, was the President of the Library and Swathi Thirunal was the Patron.
The Library was managed by an Association known as Trivandrum Public Library Committee. Membership in those days was limited to only those persons invited to the Royal Durbar.

Royal Ring

In 1837, Swathi Thirunal granted Rs 1000/- to the Library based on a request from the Library Secretary Mr. Roberts (This is possibly Mr. J. Roberts, Master of the Free school, which later became the University College, Thiruvananthapuram).